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Still Current at: 5 February 2008
Updated: 1 February 2008

Flag of Kenya
Kenya
 
This advice has been reviewed and reissued with an amendment to the Summary and Local Travel section. The overall level of the advice has not changed.

SUMMARY

  • A number of areas of Kenya are experiencing violent unrest following the disputed presidential election result and may be prone to further outbreaks.  The security and political situation in the country remains unpredictable. You should avoid all public gatherings and large public meetings.  Any rallies, even if advertised as peaceful, could potentially turn violent.  See the Local Travel (Election related concerns) section of this advice for more details.

  • If you are currently in Kenya you should exercise extreme caution and seek advice locally either from your tour operator or the local authorities, particularly if you need to travel.  We are working closely with the Kenyan authorities and the British High Commission emergency lines are open.  The emergency numbers are 00 254 20 2844 660/661/662/663/664/665/666.

  • We advise against all but essential travel to: Western and Nyanza Provinces and Mombasa town; and the following districts of Rift Valley province – Nakuru (including Naivasha, Lake Nakuru and Lake Naivasha National Parks), Turkana Central, West Pokot, Trans Nzoia, Uasin Gichu, Koibatek, Nandi, Kericho, Bomet and Narok district north of and including the town of Narok; to the Masai Mara by road, as the road passes through Narok.

  • We also advise against all but essential travel to the worst-affected areas of Nairobi, including all township or slum areas, which are experiencing constant tension and periodic, unpredictable violent unrest.  The worst incidents have been seen in Kibera, Mathare, Huruma, Kariobangi, Kawangware, and Eastleigh.  If you are in these areas you should remain indoors, exercise extreme caution and seek advice locally if you need to travel.  There have also been incidents in the city centre, especially in and around Uhuru Park.

  • Some tour operators are cancelling forthcoming holidays to Kenya.  You should contact your tour operator for confirmation of this.  International flights continue to operate but some airlines are reducing scheduled flights. You should check with your airline before travelling. We are not aware of any incidents on the airport road to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) or on the road between JKIA and Wilson airport.

  • There is a high threat from terrorism in Kenya.  Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers.  Previous attacks have included a bomb attack on a hotel, which resulted in significant loss of life, and an unsuccessful attempt to bring down a civilian airliner in Mombasa.  These attacks took place in the month leading up to the 2002 Parliamentary and Presidential elections in Kenya.

  • Up to 290,000 British tourists visit Kenya every year (Source: Kenya Tourist Board).  The main types of incident for which British nationals required consular assistance in Kenya in 2007 were for: replacing lost or stolen passports (over 160 cases); dealing with arrests or detentions, for a variety of offences (23 cases); deaths, mainly from natural causes (17 cases); and hospitalisations, mainly due to road accidents (16 cases).

  • We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling.  You should check any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for all the activities you want to undertake.  See the General (Insurance) section of this advice and Travel Insurance for more details.

SAFETY AND SECURITY

Terrorism

There is a high threat from terrorism in Kenya.  Attacks could be indiscriminate, including in places frequented by expatriates and foreign travellers.
 
The most recent attacks in Kenya include:
  • A suicide car bomb attack on a hotel near Mombasa on 28 November 2002, in which at least 15 people died.
  • An unsuccessful attempt to shoot down an Israeli charter plane on the same day.
These incidents highlight the threat posed by terrorism in Kenya and the capacity of terrorist groups to carry out attacks.

For further information read the Security and General Tips and Risk of Terrorism when Travelling Overseas on the FCO website.

Crime

Incidents of car-jacking and armed robbery involving foreign nationals in and around Nairobi are commonplace.
 
You should avoid travelling at night and remain vigilant at all times, particularly on the roads that link Nairobi city centre to residential areas.  You should avoid stopping at the side of the road and should drive defensively, with vehicle doors locked and windows closed at all times.
 
Muggings and armed attacks by gangs can occur at any time, particularly in Nairobi and Mombasa.  Avoid walking around after dark as attacks can occur anywhere, but especially in isolated areas such as empty beaches.  There have been a number of armed attacks on golf courses around Nairobi, be extra vigilant while playing in remote areas away from the Club House of any golf courses.  Be alert at all times.  Do not accept food or drink from strangers as it may be drugged.  Only stay in tourist camps with good perimeter security.  If in doubt, seek advice from your tour operator or the Kenya Tourist Federation (Tel:  + 254 20 604730).  Do not carry valuables or wear jewellery in public places.  Do not carry credit cards or cash cards unless you must:  people have been forced by thieves to withdraw cash.  Beware of thieves posing as police officers; always ask to see identification.
 
There are many deprived areas in Nairobi, not normally frequented by tourists.  You should avoid visiting such areas, which include Kibera, Mathare, Huruma, Kariobangi and Kawangware.
 
On 4-5 June 2007 in the Mathare slum area of Nairobi, more than 20 people were killed in clashes between police and the local outlawed Mungiki gang.  Since April 2007 Mungiki has been associated with a number of killings and acts of crime in the Mathare area and in parts of Central Province, notably Murung’a district.  Whilst unlikely to affect foreigners you should avoid the Mathare area.
 
If you travel to remote areas or border regions you could be the target of attacks or kidnappings.  Incidents of armed car-hijackings are more prevalent in Nairobi and Mombasa but can occur in any area of the country.  Do not attempt to escape from hijackers or resist their demands (See Local Travel for more information).
 
You should take sensible precautions for your personal and vehicle safety, travelling in convoy in remote areas.
 
For more general information see:  Victims of Crime Abroad
 
Political Situation
 
Kenya Country Profile.

Presidential election results continue to be disputed, which has led to violent protests since the election result was announced on 30 December 2007National security forces have been deployed in the worst affected areas of the country.  Two MPs from the opposition ODM party have been killed since 29 January 2008, which led to violent outbreaks in Nairobi, Eldoret and Kericho.
 
You should exercise caution and seek advice locally before travelling.  If you are involved in any security incident you should insist with both the Kenyan authorities and your tour operator that the British High Commission be informed straight away.
 
LOCAL TRAVEL
 
Election related concerns
 
A number of areas of Kenya are experiencing violent unrest following the disputed presidential election result and may be prone to further outbreaks.  The security and political situation in the country remains unpredictable.  You should avoid all public gatherings and large public meetings.  Any rallies, even if advertised as peaceful, could potentially turn violent.
 
If you are currently in Kenya you should exercise extreme caution and seek advice locally either from your tour operator or the local authorities, particularly if you need to travel.  The Kenya government has reported that more than 850 Kenyan nationals have been killed since the disturbances began in December 2007.
 
British High Commission officials continue to monitor the situation and this travel advice will be updated at regular intervals.  We are working closely with the Kenyan authorities and are doing what we can to ensure that as many British nationals as possible across the country are aware of our travel advice and British High Commission contact details. The British High Commission  emergency lines are open.  The emergency numbers are 00 254 20 2844 660/661/662/663/664/665/666.
 
Some tour operators are cancelling forthcoming holidays to Kenya.  You should contact your tour operator for confirmation of this.  International flights continue to operate but some airlines are reducing scheduled flights. You should check with your airline before travelling to the airport.  We are not aware of any incidents on the airport road to Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) or on the road between JKIA and Wilson airport.  The situation remains fluid and may change quickly.
 
There has been sporadic, serious unrest in parts of Kenya, particularly in urban centres, following the announcement of the presidential election results on 30 December 2007. National security forces have been deployed across the country to the main trouble spots.
 
Intermittent shortages of food and fuel supplies are being reported in many parts of the country as supermarkets and petrol stations close in response to disturbances or supply disruption. Roads are generally open but you may find sporadic closures or blockades, in line with the pattern of local violent incidents.  You should seek local advice, particularly in the western provinces.
 
We advise against all but essential travel to areas of Kenya that have experienced violent unrest following the disputed presidential election result and may be prone to more outbreaks.  These areas are:
 
Western and Nyanza Provinces
 
We advise against all but essential travel to Western and Nyanza Provinces.  Since 30 December 2007 there have been outbreaks of violence in the rural areas of these Province. Tensions remain very high in the towns and there is a visible police presence in Kisumu.  Sustained outbursts of violence have been reported in Kisumu, and sporadic violence in Kakamega, Bungoma, Busia, Migori and Homa Bay.
 
Rift Valley Province
 
We advise against all but essential travel to the districts of Nakuru (including Naivasha and Lake Nakuru and Lake Naivasha National Parks), Turkana Central, West Pokot, Trans Nzoia, Uasin Gichu, Koibatek, Nandi, Bomet and Narok district north of and including the town of Narok.  The risks around visits to the national parks of Amboseli, Masai Mara and Samburu are no greater than usual.  However we advise against all but essential travel to the Masai Mara by road in Kenya as transit is through the town of Narok.
 
There were violent clashes on 24-28 January in Nakuru and Naivasha and on 31 January there were reports of rioting and civil unrest in Rift Valley towns of Kericho & Eldoret, after an MP for the opposition ODM party was killed in Eldoret.
 
There is a visible police presence in Eldoret. The army has also been deployed in logistical support of the police in and around Nakuru and Naivasha and roads in this area remain sporadically blocked.
 
Nairobi
 
We advise against all but essential travel to the worst-affected areas of Nairobi, including all township or slum areas, which are experiencing constant tension and periodic, unpredictable violent unrest. The worst incidents have been seen in Kibera, Mathare, Huruma, Kariobangi, Kawangware, and Eastleigh.   There have also been incidents in the city centre, especially in and around Uhuru Park.
 
On 23 January there were violent clashes in Limuru, just outside Nairobi, with further violent clashes on 29 January, when an MP for the opposition ODM party was killed in Nairobi, with the worst affected areas being Kibera, Embakasi, Kawangware, Ngong Road and Naivasha Road.
 
Mombasa
 
We advise against all but essential travel to Mombasa town.
 
There is a visible police presence in Mombasa, tensions remain high in the deprived areas around Mombasa town and in the town centre spontaneous demonstrations have sometimes turned violent.
 
Election related concerns
 
British High Commission officials continue to monitor the situation and this travel advice will be updated at regular intervals.  We are working closely with the Kenyan authorities and are doing what we can to ensure that as many British nationals as possible across the country are aware of our travel advice and British High Commission contact details.  If you are currently in Kenya you should exercise extreme caution and seek advice locally either from your tour operator or the local authorities, particularly if you need to travel. 
 
You should avoid all political gatherings and large public meetings. Such gatherings, even if advertised as peaceful, could potentially turn violent.  If you are in affected areas, you should stay indoors except in the event of an emergency.
 
There has been sporadic, serious unrest in parts of Kenya, particularly in urban centres, following the announcement of the presidential election results.  Since 30 December there have been violent outbreaks across Nairobi, Mombasa and in towns and rural areas in Western, Nyanza and Rift Valley Provinces.There were violent clashes in Limuru, just outside Nairobi, on 23 January, violent clashes on 24-28 January in Nakuru and Naivasha On 31 January there have been reports of rioting and civil unrest in Rift Valley towns of Kericho & Eldoret.
 
The Kenya government has reported that more than 700 Kenyan nationals have been killed in the disturbances. 
 
National security forces have been deployed across the country to the main trouble spots. There is a visible police presence across Nairobi and other major urban centres including Mombasa, Kisumu and Eldoret.  The army is being deployed in logistical support of the police in and around Nakuru and Naivasha but roads remain sporadically blocked.
 
General shortages of food and fuel supplies are being reported in many parts of the country as supermarkets and petrol stations remain closed.  International and domestic flights are currently operating normally but some airlines are reducing scheduled flights. You should check with your airline before travelling to the airport.  Roads are generally now open but you may find sporadic closures or blockades, in line with the pattern of local violent incidents.  You should seek local advice, particularly in the western provinces.
 
Non-election related concerns
 
An explosion took place outside a restaurant on Moi Avenue in Nairobi city centre on 11 June 2007. The cause of the explosion is not known but one person died and over 30 were injured. As in any other major city, you should remain vigilant of suspicious packages and vehicles at all times.

Most visits to game reserves and other tourist areas are trouble-free.  Robberies of visitors to game parks, including the Masai Mara have occasionally been reported.  If you wish to visit reserves you should use reputable tour operators and arrive at your destination in daylight hours.  You are strongly advised not to buy safari tours from touts but only through reputable agencies or from your hotel.
 
A British tourist was accidentally killed in a game park in 2006. You should always follow park regulations and wardens' advice, but be aware that there are risks associated with viewing wildlife, particularly on foot or at close range. Bathing in rivers and lakes is forbidden in National Parks and is best avoided elsewhere due to the dangers from both wildlife and from water-borne disease. 
 
Rural areas, and in particular the arid north and north eastern parts of Kenya experience sporadic cattle rustling, banditry and ethnic clashes which regularly cause fatalities.  A land dispute in the Mount Elgon area of Western province has caused over 140 deaths since December 2006.  Whilst foreigners are not usually the targets of this type of violence and banditry, travel in the north and north east should only be undertaken with care and after seeking the advice of the police and in convoy with at least two vehicles to ensure back-up.  You should be alert and avoid demonstrations and gatherings of people in these areas, which could turn violent.  You should also seek local advice if intending to travel in the area of Mount Elgon.
 
Clashes between a criminal gang Mungiki and police since April 2007 have killed several people in parts of Central province, notably Murung’a, and the Mathare slum area in Nairobi.  Whilst unlikely to affect foreigners you should avoid these areas.
 
The border with Somalia has been closed since 3 January 2007.  In addition landmines have in the past been used in attacks around Moyale, close to the main A2 road south.  Vehicles crossing the Kenya-Ethiopia border at this point should stay on the A2, avoid staying at the rest house at Sololo, and travel directly to Marsabit Town before breaking the journey.
 
You should, if possible visit Lamu Island by air.  This is for security reasons and also because of the bad road conditions.  Buses and other vehicles on the road to Lamu have been attacked by armed robbers in the past and overland travel from Lamu to Malindi should only be undertaken in an armed police convoy.
 
Road Travel
 
There have been reports of roads around the country being blocked and some violent incidents along roads during the unrest following the disputed Presidential election.  Most are now open, although there are sporadic reports of new blockades.  You should seek local advice before travelling.
 
A UK driving licence is sufficient in Kenya.  Only hire vehicles from reputable companies.
 
Take care if driving, especially at night, as road conditions and driving standards are often poor. You are advised to avoid driving at night wherever possible.
 
There have been a number of serious accidents involving Kenyan long-distance bus services.  Vehicles are often poorly maintained, and driven at excessive speed even on poorly maintained roads.  Check with any bus operator on the standards they observe before using this form of transport.  Another common form of public transport is the matatu, usually a minibus plying a specific route.  Though very cheap to use, matatus are notorious for being poorly maintained, badly driven and in some instances do not have proper insurance cover.  There are frequent reports of matatus being hijacked, or of passengers being robbed.  You are advised to think carefully before using matatus.
 
The main types of incident for which British nationals require consular assistance in Kenya are road accidents and muggings (five and eight cases respectively in 2006).
 
For more general information see the Driving Abroad
 
Rail Travel
 
First and second class sleeping compartments area available on the Nairobi-Mombasa train.  Doors can only be locked from the inside.  If you are leaving your compartment, it is advisable to take your valuables with you.  Several British nationals have recently reported that their passports have been stolen whilst travelling on this train.
 
Air Travel
 
We are concerned about the lack of security arrangements in place at Wilson airport in Nairobi.  The airport is mainly used for domestic flights, including charters.  Concerns have been raised with the Kenyan authorities.  We continue to monitor the situation.  You should remain vigilant at all times.
 
The Kenyan government has confirmed that there was a security incident at Jomo Kenyatta International Airport (JKIA) on 8 June 2006.  Individuals in possession of high-level airport security passes are reported to have drawn unauthorised firearms on airport officials.  No member of the public was involved or injured in the incident, and the individuals responsible were subsequently arrested and deported.  The Kenyan government has established a Commission of Inquiry to investigate the matter.  We urge all nationals travelling through Kenyans airports to remain vigilant.
 
If you plan to charter a private aircraft, you are advised to check with the company's Safety Pilot about the condition of the aircraft and runways to be used.  If the company has no Safety Pilot, seek another that does.

LOCAL LAWS AND CUSTOMS

Although there are no strict dress codes, you should note that the coastal areas are predominantly Muslim in tradition.  You should dress conservatively away from the tourist resorts and hotels, especially in Mombasa town, to avoid offending local sensitivities.  You should respect local traditions, customs, laws and religions at all times and be aware of your actions to ensure that they do not offend other cultures or religious beliefs, especially during the holy month of Ramadan or if you intend to visit religious areas.  For more general information see:  Travelling During Ramadan
 
Smoking in public places is banned in the cities of Nairobi, Nakuru and Mombasa.  Anybody found smoking in a public place is liable to be arrested and prosecuted.  First offenders can expect a fine of 2,000 Kenya Shillings or six months imprisonment.  If in doubt about whether smoking is permitted in a certain place, it is recommended that you should check before doing so or refrain from smoking.

The use and trafficking of illegal Class A drugs in Kenya carries heavy fines and jail sentences.  The penalty for possession is ten years imprisonment.

You must obtain a valid work permit before taking up any paid or volunteer work in Kenya; the penalties for not doing so can be a fine, jail or deportation depending on the nature of the offence.

The taking of photographs of official buildings, including Embassies, is not recommended and can lead to detention.  If in any doubt about what a building is used for, do not photograph it or film around it.

Permission to carry any kind of firearm must be obtained from the local authorities prior to entry

It is illegal to destroy Kenyan currency whatever the denomination.

Homosexual activity is illegal in Kenya.
 
For more general advice for different types of travellers:  Travel Checklists.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS

Visas
 
British passport holders need a visa to enter Kenya.  Visas may be obtained on arrival by air with a cash payment of 50 US Dollars or in advance from:  Kenyan representation in the UK.  More information, including application forms and visa fee rates is available at http://www.kenyahighcommission.net.

Passport validity
 
You require three months’ remaining validity on your passport to enter Kenya.

Airport Departure Tax

In Kenya there is also an airport departure tax of 20 US Dollars, which is normally included in the price of airline tickets.

Work permits

If you are coming to live and work in Kenya, you should be aware that there can be delays in obtaining work permits.  It is illegal to work without a permit and this also applies to voluntary work and to the self-employed.  British nationals living in Kenya are advised to register with the British High Commission in Nairobi:  
This is an external link Kenya: British High Commission Nairobi


Travelling with children

Single parents or other adults travelling alone with children should be aware that some countries require documentary evidence of parental responsibility before allowing lone parents to enter the country or, in some cases, before permitting the children to leave the country.  For further information on exactly what will be required at Immigration, please contact the Kenya High Commission in London.

HEALTH

Malaria is endemic outside of Nairobi and in areas below 1,800 metres above sea level.  However, in 2006, there was an outbreak of highland malaria in the West Pokot District (north western Kenya) that was associated with several fatalities.
 
HIV or AIDS is also widespread and transmission may also occur through sub-standard medical facilities.  Water is of variable quality and you are advised to drink bottled water wherever possible.
 
Food prepared by unlicensed vendors should be avoided at any time.
 
You should seek medical advice before travelling and ensure that all appropriate vaccinations are up to date.  NHS Direct (0845 46 47) can provide you advice on vaccination requirements for Kenya.
 
For further information on endemic diseases, like malaria, health outbreaks and vaccination requirements for Kenya you should check the websites of the NaTHNaC and NHS Scotland's Fit For Travel.
 
For more general health information see Travel Health.
 
NATURAL DISASTERS
 
Kenya lies on an active fault line and tremors occur from time to time.  The last significant earth tremor to affect the region was a magnitude 5.2 tremor on 20 August 2007.  The epicentre was 180-km south south west of Nairobi. The Kenyan Government has made it clear that there is no information to suggest an earthquake in Kenya is imminent.  They are continuing to monitor the situation.

GENERAL

Insurance
 
We strongly recommend that you obtain comprehensive travel and medical insurance before travelling.  Medical facilities, including ambulance services, outside major cities are very limited, and your insurance should cover you for the possibility of medical repatriation.  You should check also any exclusions, and that your policy covers you for all the activities you want to undertake.  Please see: Travel Insurance
 
If things go wrong when overseas, please see:  What We Can Do To Help
 
Registering with the British High Commission

British nationals visiting Kenya for more than a month and/or travelling to remote areas should register with the High Commission on arrival.
 
Advice on tourist and travel matters

There is a Safety and Communication Centre operated by the Kenya Tourism Federation which can give up to the minute advice on tourist and travel matters, road conditions etc as well as providing help in an emergency.  This can be accessed at any time by telephoning + 254 20 604730 or by e-mail to:  safetour@wananchi.com
Protection of ID

We advise that you leave your passport in the hotel safe, but carry a photocopy for ID purposes
Time difference

Local time is three hours ahead of British winter time (GMT) and two hours ahead of British summer time.

Money

It is unlikely that you will be able to exchange Scottish or Northern Irish banknotes in Kenya.  ATMs are widely available in Nairobi and the main towns.  Credit cards and travellers’ cheques are widely accepted.

CONTACT DETAILS

Address:
 
British High Commission
Upper Hill Road
Nairobi
PO Box 30465 - 00100 Nairobi

Commercial Dept: PO Box 30133 - 00100 Nairobi

Consular Dept: PO Box 48543 - 00100 Nairobi

Telephone:
 
(254) (20) 2844000 (15 lines)
(254) 722 206 616 Emergency out of hours Duty Officer

Facsimile:
 
(254) (20) 2844033 Chancery
(254) (20) 2844088 Management
(254) (20) 2844077 Commercial
(254) (20) 2844239 Consular
(254) (20) 2844296 UK Permanent Mission to UNEP and UNHSP
(254) (20) 2844003 Political
(254) (20) 2844111 Visa
(254) (20) 2844102 DfID Kenya
(254) (20) 2844325 Defence
(254) (20) 2844413 DLO Fax
(254) (20) 2844069 Airline Liaison Officer Fax

Email:
 
Nairobi-Chancery@fco.gov.uk Chancery Section
CommercialSection.nairobi@fco.gov.uk Commercial Section
Comms.nairobi@fco.gov.uk Communications Section
ConsularSection.nairobi@fco.gov.uk Consular Section
ManagementSection.nairobi@fco.gov.uk Management Section
PressandPublicAffairsection.nairobi@fco.gov.uk Press and Public Affairs Section
UNSection.nairobi@fco.gov.uk UN Section
visaenquiries.nairobi@fco.gov.uk Visa Section

Office Hours:
 
GMT:
Mon-Thurs: 0400-1400
Fri: 0400-1000

Local Time:
Mon-Thurs: 0700-1700
Fri: 0700-1300

The office works flexi-time within these hours

Website:
  www.britishhighcommission.gov.uk/kenya


See Also:
  UK Overseas Mission: Kenya
 

GLOBAL TERRORISM WARNING

You should be aware of the global risk of indiscriminate attacks (that could take place at anytime, anywhere).

When overseas, you should always maintain at least the same level of vigilance as you would in the UK and take sensible precautions. If you see or hear anything suspicious, you should inform the appropriate authorities or security forces.

See Risk of Terrorism.

Avian & Pandemic Flu
Find more information and advice on Avian & Pandemic Flu.

Know Before You Go
The FCO strongly recommends that all travellers abroad take out comprehensive insurance.

NB: The Foreign and Commonwealth Office does not assume any responsibility, including legal responsibility, in respect of any omission or statement contained in FCO Travel Advice. To see our full disclaimer visit the How We Advise page.

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