Details for Avoiding Disarmament Failure: The Critical Link in DDR. An Operational Manual
|Name:||Avoiding Disarmament Failure: The Critical Link in DDR. An Operational Manual|
Publication Date: 2007
The paper is divided into three main sections:
The first focuses on the motivations and expectations of armed groups engaging in a political process leading to disarmament, including the risk of 'rewarding' violent behaviour; and on the different international actors likely to be involved. It points out that DDR needs to be broader and more holistic than just weapons collection.
The second covers the place of DDR in peace processes and the legal framework, as well as practical issues such as financing, infrastructure, site selection and security, phasing and security guarantees, caseload selection, incentives, reintegration, public awareness campaigns, and benchmarking/indicators. It argues that in theory, a DDR programme should be included in the text of any peace or ceasefire agreement, and ideally be constructed 'back to front' so that reintegration programmes are underway before disarmament begins – albeit this may not be practical. Regardless of timing, expectations of all relevant groups must be managed. Disarmament is the result of political solutions, not the solution itself.
The final section covers roles and responsibilities of different actors, including the state (which it argues should have primacy), civil society, the military and police (international and national). It argues that a successful DDR operation is dependent on an integrated team of organisations and agencies that understand their roles and responsibilities.
Read Full Text Here: http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/fileadmin/docs/F-Working-papers/SAS-WP5-DDR-Manual.pdf